Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Evolution and the Emergent SelfThe Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Raymond Neubauer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150705

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 17 May 2022

The Apex of Nature

The Apex of Nature

(p.254) 12 The Apex of Nature
Evolution and the Emergent Self

Raymond L. Neubauer

, Xuan Yue
Columbia University Press

This chapter explores some of the philosophical implications of the view that an apex of the evolutionary process is a person. It suggests that stars, planets, and life are “accidents waiting to happen,” and that the destiny of the universe will always be in a particular direction. It is possible that when the universe was only 10–35 seconds old, at the end of an inflationary period that followed the Big Bang, all the conditions were set for the future evolution of life. This chapter first considers how both carbon and water are suited ideally for the requirements of life and proceeds by discussing the abundance of carbon and oxygen in interstellar space. It then considers entropy, order, and hierarchies in the universe, along with the concept of multiverse invoked by most scientists to account for the improbability of coincidences that seem to coincide to allow a universe where life can appear. Finally, it offers an alternative to the multiverse theory based on some traditional ideas of monotheism.

Keywords:   evolution, life, universe, carbon, oxygen, water, entropy, order, multiverse theory, monotheism

Columbia Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .