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Collateral DamageSino-Soviet Rivalry and the Termination of the Sino-Vietnamese Alliance$
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Nicholas Khoo

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150781

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150781.001.0001

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China’s Cold War Alliance with Vietnam

China’s Cold War Alliance with Vietnam

Historical and Theoretical Significance

(p.1) 1 China’s Cold War Alliance with Vietnam
Collateral Damage

Nicholas Khoo

Columbia University Press

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Sino-Vietnam alliance as well as explaining how their alliance ended. From the 1950s through the early 1970s, Chinese and Vietnamese communists shared a common ideology and a strategic interest in opposing American containment policy in Asia. During this period, relations were sufficiently close that Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh characterized the Chinese and Vietnamese communists as “comrades plus brothers.” At a time when China was strapped for resources, Beijing made a significant financial contribution to the Vietnamese communists' war efforts, against first the French and then the Americans. However, with the onset of the Second Indochina War (1965–1975), the Sino-Vietnamese alliance relationship began to deteriorate, culminating into the border war in 1979.

Keywords:   Sino-Vietnam alliance, Ho Chi Minh, Chinese, Vietnamese, French, Americans, border war

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