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Protest with Chinese CharacteristicsDemonstrations, Riots, and Petitions in the Mid-Qing Dynasty$
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Ho-fung Hung

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231152037

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231152037.001.0001

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Documenting the Three Waves of Mid-Qing Protest

Documenting the Three Waves of Mid-Qing Protest

(p.47) 2 Documenting the Three Waves of Mid-Qing Protest
Protest with Chinese Characteristics

Ho-Fung Hung

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses data and methodological issues, and provides a general overview and classification of all documented protests. These episodes were not distributed evenly over time but were clustered in three waves: 1740–1759, 1776–1795, and 1820–1839. The reasons for establishing 1740 and 1839 as the temporal boundaries of the study are twofold. First, Qing China during this period was at its height of early modernity. Its levels of centralized state power and commercialized economy were comparable to eighteenth-century Europe. Second, studies that deal with unrest in the late Ming–early Qing period (from the late seventeenth to the early eighteenth century) and the late Qing period (from the end of the first Opium War, in 1842, to the collapse of the Qing empire in 1911) are relatively abundant.

Keywords:   Qing dynasty, Chinese protest, Qing China, early modernity, centralized state power

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