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Unlikely CollaborationGertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma$
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Barbara Will

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231152631

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231152631.001.0001

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(p.185) Chapter Six Vichy-Sur-Léman
Unlikely Collaboration

Barbara Will

Columbia University Press

This concluding chapter discusses the aftermath of World War II and Gertrude Stein's subsequent death from uterine cancer. Shocked by the loss, Bernard Faÿ wondered how he would soldier on. Struggling within his postwar “prisons”—literal and psychological, moral and spiritual—Faÿ attributed any moments of serenity to his remembered influence of Gertrude Stein. Yet the separate and mutual collaboration of each with Philippe Pétain's Vichy regime had ended up weakening this bond. Their story illustrates how deeply fascist and profascist politics divided and severed human beings from one another, creating invidious, dehumanizing racial, national, and religious distinctions that would eventually result in the “death world” of World War II. The story of Stein and Faÿ's friendship is a compelling personal story, but it also captures in microcosm the shape of this era.

Keywords:   World War II, Philippe Pétain, fascist politics, Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, death world

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