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Vaccines and Your ChildSeparating Fact from Fiction$
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Paul Offit and Charlotte Moser

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231153072

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 07 May 2021

Vaccines in the Second Year of Life

Vaccines in the Second Year of Life

(p.165) Vaccines in the Second Year of Life
Vaccines and Your Child

Paul A. Offit

Charlotte A. Moser

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes diseases that are common during the second year of life, and the vaccines needed for those diseases. The MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles, like chickenpox (varicella), is a virus spread by small droplets that hang in the air. The measles virus is quite contagious, and measles infections can be particularly harmful to pregnant women and people who are immune compromised. Mumps and rubella (German measles) are viruses that are spread by coughing, sneezing, or contact with the saliva of an infected person. Mumps is not as contagious as measles, but it is still spread easily, while rubella causes two distinct illnesses: rubella and congenital rubella syndrome. On the other hand, hepatitis A vaccine protects against a kind of virus spread through contaminated food and water. Symptoms of hepatitis A include fever, jaundice, dark-colored urine, abdominal pain, and some people suffer severe infection with massive liver damage.

Keywords:   MMR vaccine, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox vaccine, varicella, German measles, congenital rubella syndrome, hepatitis A vaccine

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