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Vaccines and Your ChildSeparating Fact from Fiction$
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Paul Offit and Charlotte Moser

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231153072

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.001.0001

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Vaccines for Adolescents and Teens

Vaccines for Adolescents and Teens

(p.195) Vaccines for Adolescents and Teens
Vaccines and Your Child

Paul A. Offit

Charlotte A. Moser

Columbia University Press

This chapter presents vaccines for adolescents and teens. Meningococcus is a bacterium that causes two serious infections: meningitis, an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord; and sepsis, a bloodstream infection. Before the meningococcal vaccine first became available in the U.S. in 2005, the group most likely to catch meningococcus was children less than two years of age, followed by adolescents. Although the disease is more common in young children, deaths are more common in teenagers. Another important vaccine is the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, which prevents cervical cancer—one of the most common cancers in women. HPV is a common infection of both men and women, spread by sexual contact. Half of all new HPV infections occur in girls and young women between 15 and 24 years of age, and 40 of 100 are infected within the first two years of sexual activity.

Keywords:   meningococcus, meningitis, sepsis, meningococcal vaccine, adolescents, teenagers, HPV vaccine, cervical cancer, sexual contact

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