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The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets - Columbia Scholarship Online
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The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

Keith Roberts


To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. This book depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. This narrative begins before business, which it defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, it shows, the ... More

Keywords: business, material conditions, trade, manufacturing, early Mesopotamia, retail, Middle Eastern empires, business history

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780231153270
Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015 DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231153270.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Keith Roberts, author
Roberts Proprietaries, Inc.