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Green Innovation in ChinaChina's Wind Power Industry and the Global Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy$
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Joanna Lewis

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231153317

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231153317.001.0001

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China in the Global Wind Power Innovation System

China in the Global Wind Power Innovation System

(p.26) 3 China in the Global Wind Power Innovation System
Green Innovation in China

Joanna I. Lewis

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines the origins of the modern wind turbine industry and explores the wind innovation system that has emerged in China. It also highlights the nation's current wind energy policy regime. The beginnings of the modern wind turbine can be traced back to rapid industrialization in Europe and America during the late nineteenth century with the advent of the steam engine and then electricity. However, it was not until the oil embargoes of the 1970s that wind technology gained interest worldwide, triggering an explosion of research and development in Western nations. Global trade made it possible for wind technology to reach China, which pursued the development of an indigenous wind power technology industry. The chapter discusses two parts of localization: locally making or manufacturing something, and adapting the locally manufactured product to meet the demands of the local context or market.

Keywords:   wind turbine industry, wind innovation system, China, industrialization, wind power technology, localization, wind energy policy regime

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