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No Return, No RefugeRites and Rights in Minority Repatriation$
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Elazar Barkan and Howard Adelman

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231153362

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231153362.001.0001

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Outlawing Ethnic Cleansing

Outlawing Ethnic Cleansing

Principles and Practices After World War II

Chapter:
(p.47) [3] Outlawing Ethnic Cleansing
Source:
No Return, No Refuge
Author(s):

Howard Adelman

Elazar Barkan

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231153362.003.0003

This chapter explores the population expulsions in the immediate post-World War II years, and underscores the coexistence of ethnic cleansing and population transfer together with an emerging public commitment to human rights. In the aftermath of World War II, the pervasive population expulsions during the war continued and spread, leading to the worst global refugee crisis of the last century. In Western Europe, for example, the displaced persons numbered seven million, including forced laborers, prisoners, and deportees. In addition to the population transfers within the emerging Soviet bloc, expulsions in Central Europe numbered between ten and twenty million refugees. Yet, despite the ethnic violence and displacement at the time, the post-World War II years were also a period when the human rights regime became a global system through the Nuremberg trials, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), and the Genocide Convention.

Keywords:   post-World War II, population expulsions, refugees, displaced persons, Nuremberg trials, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Genocide Convention, human rights, ethnic cleansing

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