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New Perspectives on International Migration and Development$
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Jeronimo Cortina and Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156806

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.001.0001

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Indian Migrants to the Gulf

Indian Migrants to the Gulf

The Kerala Experience

Chapter:
(p.303) Chapter 11 Indian Migrants to the Gulf
Source:
New Perspectives on International Migration and Development
Author(s):

S. Irudaya Rajan

K. C. Zachariah

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.003.0011

This chapter explores the impacts of Indian migration to the Gulf on the southern state of Kerala. Using household-level survey data, it highlights an interesting pattern: the interaction between migrant self-selection and migration's developmental impacts. Muslims comprise a significant proportion of workers who migrate from India to the Gulf countries, and the chapter considers its important implications. On the one hand, it shows that culture plays an important role in shaping who migrates and thus migration's future developmental impacts. On the other hand, cultural and migrant self-selection may have important social and political consequences back home, especially in India, where social stratification is still present in Indians' daily lives. The chapter also explains how the creation of new inequalities and social elites on the basis of income derived from remittances, which help reduce poverty and unemployment among Muslims, creates a new paradigm that illustrates the impact of culture on development.

Keywords:   migration, India, Gulf, Kerala, self-selection, development, Muslims, culture, remittances, poverty

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