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New Perspectives on International Migration and Development$
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Jeronimo Cortina and Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156806

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.001.0001

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Family and School Reconfiguration

Family and School Reconfiguration

The Case of Ecuadorian Highland Migration to Spain

Chapter:
(p.111) Chapter 5 Family and School Reconfiguration
Source:
New Perspectives on International Migration and Development
Author(s):

Alexandra Escobar García

Soledad Álvarez Velasco

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.003.0005

This chapter examines “cultural fluidity,” the exchanges in the form of social and monetary remittances and practices that occur between migrant-sending and -receiving countries. Focusing on Ecuador as a sending country, it considers the migration of Ecuadorian men and women to Spain and its economic impact on both countries. It looks at the formation of two transnational communities in the Ecuadorian highlands and their effects on basic social structures such as family and school. It also explores how many of these communities' social practices are reconfigured as caretakers, teachers, and children left behind undertake a new set of responsibilities to maintain newly minted family structures while negotiating the new challenges and inequalities created by international migration. In particular, it analyzes the relationship between migration and childhood as well as the ways Ecuadorian families and schools have assumed new social roles.

Keywords:   cultural fluidity, social remittances, monetary remittances, Ecuador, migration, Spain, family, school, childhood, social roles

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