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New Perspectives on International Migration and Development$
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Jeronimo Cortina and Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156806

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.001.0001

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Women, Children, and Migration

Women, Children, and Migration

Developmental Considerations

(p.139) Chapter 6 Women, Children, and Migration
New Perspectives on International Migration and Development

Jeronimo Cortina

Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines the developmental implications of the international migration of women by focusing on emigration originating in developing countries. It first reviews some empirical and theoretical elements related to migration and development before assessing some of the impacts of female migration on development. It then presents two case studies on female migration, one from Mexico to the United States and the other from Turkey and Poland to Germany. It considers how naturalization and family reunification policies in countries of destination affect home countries' developmental prospects. It argues that once women and children are united in the host country, migrants will likely stop remitting or at least will substantially decrease the frequency and amount sent home given that the contract by which migrants and family members left behind were obliged becomes obsolete. Instead of remitting, immigrants will potentially increase the level of consumption or savings in the host country.

Keywords:   international migration, female migration, development, emigration, developing countries, naturalization, family, children, migrants, savings

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