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New Perspectives on International Migration and Development$
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Jeronimo Cortina and Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156806

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.001.0001

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Migration and Development

Migration and Development

Lessons from the Moroccan Experience

(p.169) Chapter 7 Migration and Development
New Perspectives on International Migration and Development

Hein de Haas

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines whether the shift toward optimistic views that migration will accelerate development reflects a real change or a general paradigm shift from dependency and state-centrist to neoclassical and neoliberal views. Using the case of Morocco, it shows how migration reinforces positive development trends, sustaining and improving the livelihoods of migrants and their families, but does little to encourage national development and may even contribute to sluggish economic growth and maintain the political status quo. It also highlights the multifaceted impact of migration on development and suggests that this impact depends on the general institutional context and investment conditions of each region. Finally, it presents empirical evidence on the impacts of Moroccan migration on regional economic development, remittances, housing and urban growth, demography and education, and women. Despite migration's considerable potential to contribute to development, the chapter concludes that migration and remittances cannot independently set in motion more general, nationwide development processes.

Keywords:   migration, development, Morocco, livelihoods, migrants, economic growth, remittances, women, housing, education

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