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Asia's Space RaceNational Motivations, Regional Rivalries, and International Risks$
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James Clay Moltz

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156882

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156882.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2019

The Chinese Space Program

The Chinese Space Program

From Turbulent Past to Promising Future

Chapter:
(p.70) Chapter Three The Chinese Space Program
Source:
Asia's Space Race
Author(s):

James Clay Moltz

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231156882.003.0004

This chapter examines the development of China's national space program. Unlike Japan and the western nations, China failed to fully industrialize and remained as an agricultural nation well into the twentieth century. In 1949 the Communist government gained support from the Soviet Union, thereby jumpstarting their own rocket and missile programs. This alliance however started to deteriorate in the 1960s over differences in political direction. The nation bounced back in the late 1970s under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping who instituted science reform and established key partnerships with the West. Within thirty years, China's space program has attained a leadership position in Asia due to the hard work of the China National Space Administration, reliable state support, and the advantages provided by available foreign technology and know-how.

Keywords:   China's space program, industrialize, Communist government, Soviet Union, rocket and missile programs, Deng Xiaoping, China National Space Administration

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