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The Formation of the Chinese Communist Party$
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Ishikawa Yoshihiro

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780231158084

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231158084.001.0001

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The Reception of Marxism in China

The Reception of Marxism in China

(p.16) 1 The Reception of Marxism in China
The Formation of the Chinese Communist Party

Ishikawa Yoshihiro

, Joshua A. Fogel
Columbia University Press

This chapter traces the beginning of Marxism in China. The start of Marxism in China coincides with the May the Fourth Movement in 1919, during which the country's major newspapers and magazines devoted large amounts of space to introducing socialist ideas. In relation to this event, the Marxism that spread across the major cities of China gained strong support in Soviet Russia and of the Comintern, culminating in the formation of the Chinese Communist Party. This widespread acceptance can be attributed to the two waves of “knowledge revolution” that Marxism brought in China. First, Marxism appeared as an all-inclusive ideology in the confused intellectual realm of China in the May the Fourth era. Second, the acceptance of Marxism brought a new revolutionary movement.

Keywords:   Marxism, China, May the Fourth Movement, socialist ideas, Soviet Russia, Comintern

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