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Writing the Mughal WorldStudies on Culture and Politics$
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Sanjay Subrahmanyam and Muzaffar Alam

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231158114

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231158114.001.0001

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Trade and Politics in the Arcot Nizāmat (1700–1732)

Trade and Politics in the Arcot Nizāmat (1700–1732)

(p.339) 8 Trade and Politics in the Arcot Nizāmat (1700–1732)
Writing the Mughal World

Muzaffar Alam

Sanjay Subrahmanyam

Columbia University Press

This chapter is a regional study of the emerging “successor state” of Arcot in southern India, drawing upon the Persian chronicling tradition and the records of the Dutch East India Company. The early eighteenth century in northern Tamil saw at that time a rise of a new type of state, the autonomous nizāmat, or what the British were apt to call the “nawabi” state, operating under the carapace of Mughal sovereignty. This state emerged as a sort of condominium of a Deccani (Nawayat) elite and Persianized Hindu communities such as the Khatris. This chapter attempts to sketch the main lines of development in the Arcot nizāmat, under Da'ud Khan Panni, and then the founder of the Nawayat “dynasty”, Muhammad Sa'id, or Sa'adatullah Khan.

Keywords:   nizāmat, Arcot, eighteenth century, Mughal sovereignty, Dutch East India Company, successor state

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