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NeurogastronomyHow the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters$
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Gordon Shepherd

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159111

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Creating, Learning, and Remembering Smell

Creating, Learning, and Remembering Smell

(p.99) Chapter Eleven Creating, Learning, and Remembering Smell

Gordon M. Shepherd

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses the function of the olfactory cortex. The remarkable properties of the olfactory cortex make it an essential player in the human brain flavor system. Most significantly, it represents the transition from the steps of extracting features in the smell stimulus to the steps of creating the perceptual qualities of smell. It is where the external features of the outside world meet the internal features of our perceptual world. Our ability to smell or sense the flavor of something is because of the olfactory cortex. From the extracted odor image of the stimulus in the olfactory bulb, the olfactory cortex creates the basis for the human perception of a unified smell perception, what is called an odor object.

Keywords:   smell, olfactory tract, olfactory cortex, human brain, olfactory bulb, odor, smell perception

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