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NeurogastronomyHow the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters$
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Gordon Shepherd

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159111

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

The Muscles of Flavor

The Muscles of Flavor

(p.147) Chapter Seventeen The Muscles of Flavor

Gordon M. Shepherd

Columbia University Press

This chapter considers the muscles and movements that bring about the sensing of what is in the mouth and how it leads to retronasal smell. It looks at evidence coming from studies of the central motor pathways in the brain, and from using modern video techniques to observe the exact sequence of movements while consuming foods and beverages. There are also important clues gleaned from studies by anthropologists of our human ancestors. The remainder of the chapter discusses the flavor motor system; how chewing produces flavor; how swishing fluids in the mouth produce flavor; how swallowing works; and how breathing produces flavor.

Keywords:   mouth, flavor, taste, motor systems, chewing, swishing, swallowing, breathing

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