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Crowded OrbitsConflict and Cooperation in Space$
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James Clay Moltz

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159128

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159128.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 13 May 2021

Getting Into Orbit

Getting Into Orbit

Chapter:
(p.11) 1 Getting Into Orbit
Source:
Crowded Orbits
Author(s):

James Clay Moltz

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231159128.003.0001

This chapter explores the development of the technologies required for spaceflight. Getting into space involves understanding the basic physics of propulsion and mastering a specific type of mechanical engineering. Unfortunately, this type of science was first used utilized in times of conflict as Nazi Germany developed long-range missiles during World War II. After the war, the Soviet Union and the United States acquired several German military scientists, blueprints, and hardware, giving them the opportunity to jumpstart their own respective missile programs, which eventually led to the “Space Race” between the two superpowers. The German machinery, specifically the deadly V-2 long-range ballistic missile, provided the technology needed to create the first space rockets. After numerous changes in the German designs, the Soviet Union developed the R-7 Semyorka Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), which in 1957, would successfully launch the satellite Sputnik I into orbit.

Keywords:   spaceflight, propulsion, mechanical engineering, V-2 long-range ballistic missile, Soviet Union, United States, Space Race, R-7 Semyorka Intercontinental ballistic missile, Sputnik I

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