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Crowded OrbitsConflict and Cooperation in Space$
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James Clay Moltz

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159128

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159128.001.0001

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Trends and Future Options

Trends and Future Options

(p.169) 7 Trends and Future Options
Crowded Orbits

James Clay Moltz

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines some of the most striking problems facing the space domain across the civil, commercial, and military realms. The future of international relations in space poses a series of questions that remain difficult to answer. Over the next two decades, several nations, such as Russia, India, Japan, Iran, and North Korea will continue to develop in order to expand their horizons towards space. Additionally, new exploratory and even settlement activities on the Moon and Mars, as well as in Earth-orbital space, will change space activity itself from something rare, dangerous, and exotic into something increasingly common, safe, and routine. More important, there will likely be more experiments during the coming decade such as hardware demonstrations of laser communications systems. With these all into mind, the chapter looks into three alternative space futures which mainly highlight the creation of an improved foundation for space security—Military Hegemony, Piecemeal Global Engagement, and Enhanced International Institutions.

Keywords:   space domain, civil, commercial, military, international relations, settlement activities, space security, Military Hegemony, Piecemeal Global Engagement, Enhanced International Institutions

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