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The China ThreatMemories, Myths, and Realities in the 1950s$
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Nancy Bernkopf Tucker

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159241

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159241.001.0001

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Waging Cold War

Waging Cold War

(p.159) 10 Waging Cold War
The China Threat

Nancy Bernkopf Tucker

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines the international crises that Dwight D. Eisenhower had to deal with during his final years as president of the United States. Eisenhower hoped for an arms control agreement with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, but it remained unfulfilled. Confrontation over Germany escalated, Japanese public support for the U.S. alliance eroded, and the Congo, Algeria, and Laos were plunged into violence. Fidel Castro assumed power in Cuba, accepted Soviet assistance, and became the target of assassination and invasion plots. Soviet-American détente flagged with continual threats by both sides regarding Germany and then evaporated with the downing of an American U-2 spy plane over the Soviet Union. China had become increasingly active internationally, touting itself as champion of anti-colonial peoples. Eisenhower would have to face many of these problems without his secretary of state, John Foster Dulles, who had succumbed to colon cancer. He believed he had served the country well, but lamented the things he had not been able to accomplish, such as checking the Cold War.

Keywords:   arms control, Nikita Khrushchev, Germany, Fidel Castro, United States, Soviet Union, China, John Foster Dulles, Cold War, Dwight D. Eisenhower

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