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The China ThreatMemories, Myths, and Realities in the 1950s$
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Nancy Bernkopf Tucker

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159241

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159241.001.0001

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In Moscow’s Shadow

In Moscow’s Shadow

(p.103) 7 In Moscow’s Shadow
The China Threat

Nancy Bernkopf Tucker

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines the impact of the rupture in Sino-Soviet relations on Dwight D. Eisenhower's policy toward China. For Eisenhower and his secretary of state, John Foster Dulles, friction in the Sino-Soviet bloc carried dangers as well as opportunities. It confirmed their conclusion that disunity lay beneath the façade of monolithic Communism. This might mean room for initiatives with the Soviet Union against China or the other way around. But they nevertheless publicly denounced Communism's monolithic threat, and U.S. policy dictated efforts to isolate China internationally. The United States fought Beijing's admission to the United Nations. It shunned the idea of recognition and failed to accept the reality of a Sino-Soviet split. Dulles had suggested that U.S. policy would change if such a split were to materialize. Increased dissatisfaction with the economic embargo and the self-defeating travel ban pinpointed areas where simple changes could be popular and useful. But Eisenhower and Dulles never effectively opposed China policies with which they did not agree because they were too busy protecting themselves.

Keywords:   international relations, Dwight D. Eisenhower, China, John Foster Dulles, Communism, United States, United Nations, economic embargo, travel ban, Soviet Union

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