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Beyond NewsThe Future of Journalism$
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Mitchell Stephens

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159388

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159388.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 23 June 2021

“Yesterday’s Doings in All Continents”

“Yesterday’s Doings in All Continents”

The Business of Selling News

Chapter:
(p.31) 2 “Yesterday’s Doings in All Continents”
Source:
Beyond News
Author(s):

Mitchell Stephens

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231159388.003.0002

This chapter examines how American journalists have made their living by selling news or advertisements next to news since the mid-nineteenth century. It begins by tracing journalism's transformation in the nineteenth century. The word “journalism” was not yet in use in English during the time of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term “journalism” was first applied to work on newspapers in English in an 1833 article in the Westminster Review. The chapter looks at two inventions that increased newspapers' growing advantage in the distribution of news: the Hoe “double-cylinder” steam press and Samuel Morse's telegraph before discussing how the dissemination of news became a big business in the United States. In particular, it explains the success of newspapers as “commercial undertakings.” It also considers how and why reporters convinced themselves that their highest purpose was collecting facts.

Keywords:   journalists, news, advertisements, journalism, newspapers, inventions, steam press, telegraph, business, reporters

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