Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Metamorphoses of FatA History of Obesity$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Georges Vigarello

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231159760

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231159760.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 27 June 2022

Toning Up

Toning Up

(p.99) 11. Toning Up
The Metamorphoses of Fat

Georges Vigarello

, C. Jon Delogu
Columbia University Press

This chapter describes eighteenth-century treatments for the fat person. New slimming programs focused on the image of powerlessness and the theme of a collapse that favored fat buildup. An illness explained as a slackening of tissues logically called for a remedy based on their reinforcement. This resulted in anti-obesity toning formulas and stimulants all designed to “fortify” the flesh in order to better eliminate all excess. This also led to a diversification of practices that gave greater importance to exercise and elevated the discovery of electricity and the promise of it improving the tone of limbs and skin. Diet now became the focus of numerous debates. Questions arose, for example, about the consumption of light, delicate, and juicy (de bon suc) meat. It was considered a tonic by some, but “dangerous” by others. Choices multiplied and options competed with each other. There were arguments with a “qualitative” approach to diet before modern chemistry eventually made them more “objective”.

Keywords:   fat, fat people, slimming programs, anti-obesity recipes, tonics, stimulants, exercise, electricity

Columbia Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .