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Contentious Activism and Inter-Korean Relations$
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Danielle Chubb

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231161367

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231161367.001.0001

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Political Activism Under Yushin and the Kwangju Uprising, May 1980

Political Activism Under Yushin and the Kwangju Uprising, May 1980

(p.47) 2 Political Activism Under Yushin and the Kwangju Uprising, May 1980
Contentious Activism and Inter-Korean Relations

Danielle L. Chubb

Columbia University Press

This chapter identifies trends whose legacies have resonated in South Korean politics through the ensuing decades. In particular, it explores the radicalization of the South Korean democratization movement, with reference to the endurance of radical discourse in South Korea. To uncover these linkages, it examines the series of discursive shifts that took place under Park Chung Hee’s rule, focusing on political activism under the repressive Yushin constitution (1972–1979). Special consideration is given to the effect that anticommunist rhetoric had on both dominant and dissident political discourses. What becomes clear is that the experiences of activists under Yushin strongly influenced the configuration of domestic and transnational networks that emerged during the 1980s. This portrayal of the political environment that emerged in the years leading up to the Kwangju uprising provides the backdrop to the narratives developed in Chapters 3–5.

Keywords:   South Korea, South Korean politics, radicalization, democratization movement, Park Chung Hee, political activism, Yushin constitution

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