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Democracy and Islam in Indonesia$
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Alfred Stepan and Mirjam Künkler

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231161916

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231161916.001.0001

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Indonesian Government Approaches to Radical Islam Since 1998

Indonesian Government Approaches to Radical Islam Since 1998

(p.109) 6 Indonesian Government Approaches to Radical Islam Since 1998
Democracy and Islam in Indonesia

Sidney Jones

Columbia University Press

This chapter analyzes various government attitudes and responses to radical Islamic extremists in post-1998 Indonesia. Extremist Islamic movements can become veto powers against the democratic transitioning of a country, though surprisingly, they have been unable to undermine the country's budding democratization in the years following former President Suharto's regime. In the end, extremist violence by Islamists strengthened state security institutions, but civilian ones rather than military ones. The state made significant inroads toward identifying, prosecuting, and putting on trial those engaged in militant activities. Under the rubric of creating a special branch of the state apparatus to fight terrorism, the police were removed from army control and reconstituted as a separate organization.

Keywords:   police, extremist violence, veto powers, extremist Islamic movements, state security institutions, terrorism, democratization

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