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Democracy and Islam in Indonesia$
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Alfred Stepan and Mirjam Künkler

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231161916

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231161916.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

How Indonesia Survived

How Indonesia Survived

Comparative Perspectives on State Disintegration and Democratic Integration

(p.126) 7 How Indonesia Survived
Democracy and Islam in Indonesia

Edward Aspinall

Columbia University Press

This chapter demonstrates that state structures that accommodate ethnic and regional diversity may be a source of state fragility during democratization, but a source of democratic robustness after it. B. J. Habibie, the president at the time of the transition, had responded to secessionist ambitions by quickly devolving political authority and fiscal resources, allowing for one of the most thorough-going and rapid decentralization processes ever recorded in the history of democratization. Indonesia's democratic transition enjoyed the best of both worlds, with an institutional legacy inherited from authoritarian rule that privileged national political structures and identities over regional ones and with a series of transitional governments that were willing to make dramatic concessions to regional sentiment in the process of democratic transformation.

Keywords:   democratization, B. J. Habibie, secessionist ambitions, decentralization, authoritarian rule, transitional governments, democratic transition

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