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The Lives of Erich FrommLove's Prophet$
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Lawrence Friedman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231162593

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231162593.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 13 June 2021

The Americanization of a European Intellectual

The Americanization of a European Intellectual

(p.65) 3 The Americanization of a European Intellectual
The Lives of Erich Fromm

Lawrence J. Friedman

Anke M. Schreiber

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines how Erich Fromm became involved in progressive causes in America. In 1932, Wilhelm Reich, who, like Fromm, was also attentive to the extreme danger posed by Adolf Hitler, presented the paper The Mass Psychology of Fascism to the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. To some extent, Fromm’s Escape from Freedom elaborated on the argument of Reich’s book. Although Escape from Freedom focused more on the social psychology of freedom and the threats of conformity and authoritarianism than on the particulars of the Hitler regime, Fromm was deeply apprehensive about the state of German politics. Fromm decided to emigrate in May 1934, living for a time in Switzerland before traveling through Paris to Southampton and from there to New York. This chapter looks at how the Culture and Personality movement provided an important backdrop for Fromm while he was writing Escape from Freedom in America, as well as the people who played important roles while he was writing his book, including Karen Horney, Harry Stack Sullivan, Margaret Mead, and Katherine Dunham.

Keywords:   freedom, Erich Fromm, America, Escape from Freedom, authoritarianism, Culture and Personality movement, Karen Horney, Harry Stack Sullivan, Margaret Mead, Katherine Dunham

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