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The Lives of Erich FrommLove's Prophet$
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Lawrence Friedman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231162593

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231162593.001.0001

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A Third Way

A Third Way

Chapter:
(p.238) 9 A Third Way
Source:
The Lives of Erich Fromm
Author(s):

Lawrence J. Friedman

Anke M. Schreiber

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231162593.003.0009

This chapter examines Erich Fromm’s so-called third way as a democratic socialist alternative to Western capitalism and what he called Soviet “managerialism.” Fromm equated democratic socialism with “humanism”: the freedom of each individual, when sustained by society, to pursue a life of creative labor and happiness. Fromm thought that nonaligned “third force” countries had the greatest potential to travel down this path. Fromm was swayed by a plan proposed in 1960 by Karl Polanyi for enlisting the support of a coalition of politically concerned intellectuals who would reinforce one another’s resources and ideas. With this group in mind, Fromm collaborated with Clara Urquhart to publish a new international journal, Humanist Studies, that would feature critical essays from scholars who believed that “the alternative between Western capitalism and Communist Khrushchevism is humanist socialism.” This chapter also considers Fromm’s 1965 book, Socialist Humanism: An International Symposium, dedicated to his second cousin, Heinz Brandt.

Keywords:   third way, Erich Fromm, capitalism, managerialism, humanism, Karl Polanyi, Humanist Studies, humanist socialism, Socialist Humanism, Heinz Brandt

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