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The Black Power Movement and American Social Work$
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Joyce Bell

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231162609

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231162609.001.0001

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Exit and Voice in Intra-Organizational Social Movements

Exit and Voice in Intra-Organizational Social Movements

(p.149) 7 Exit and Voice in Intra-Organizational Social Movements
The Black Power Movement and American Social Work

Joyce M. Bell

Columbia University Press

This chapter analyzes the outcomes of black social workers' activism in these two relatively similar social work organizations: National Association of Black Social Workers (NABSW) and the Techni-Culture Movement (TCM). While both had the same goals, employed similar tactics, and had a cross-membership of activists, they pursued different strategies and had very contrasting outcomes. Leadership and organizational culture both have a significant role in explaining the different paths of these two intra-organizational social movements (IOSMs). The chapter claims that differences in the racial discourse and practices of the NFS and NCSW, along with organizational identities and legacies surrounding social action, formed their respective organizational cultures such that black activists encountered diverse targets. In addition, the leaders of the NABSW and TCM made decisions—which are turning points in their mobilization campaigns' trajectories—that also help explain their different outcomes.

Keywords:   black social workers, activism, NABSW, Techni-Culture Movement, organizational culture, NFS, NCSW, organizational identities, black activists

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