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Race in a BottleThe Story of BiDil and Racialized Medicine in a Post-Genomic Age$
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Jonathan Kahn

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231162999

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231162999.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Organizing Race

Organizing Race

Paths Toward the Re-Biologization of Race in Modern Biomedical Research, Practice, and Product Development

(p.25) 1 Organizing Race
Race in a Bottle

Sheldon Krimsky

Columbia University Press

This chapter considers how and where race enters modern biomedicine, with an emphasis on the role of federal regulatory frameworks and mandates in incentivizing the introduction of racial categories in research and practice. Foremost among these are initiatives such as the National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act of 1993 and the Food and Drug Modernization Act (FDMA) of 1997. This chapter also considers the implications of how federally sponsored biobanks, which compile genetic data from around the world, frequently organize their vast data sets using population groupings that often become collapsed into racial categories reflecting the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) mandate. This sets the stage for exploring what happens to race after it enters biomedical research and practice by looking for where it travels, how and by whom it is taken up, and what diverse purposes it serves—both intentional and unintentional.

Keywords:   modern biomedicine, racial categories, federal regulatory frameworks, biobanks, biomedical research, race

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