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Plastic RealitySpecial Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics$
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Julie Turnock

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231163538

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.001.0001

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Optical Special Effects into the 1980s

Optical Special Effects into the 1980s

A Well-Oiled Machine

(p.203) 7 Optical Special Effects into the 1980s
Plastic Reality

Julie A. Turnock

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines special effects in the 1980s. In the 1980s and 1990s, industry professionals became increasingly concerned with the audience's experience and the role of cinema in the overall entertainment landscape, as well as the kinds of experiences the movie industry was expected to provide. The popularity of Hollywood blockbusters suggested a demand for more special effects films. The transformation of the film industry following the rise of technology-heavy mode of filmmaking marks a shift in cinematic aesthetics toward greater reliance on postproduction and a composite mise-en-scène. This led to innovations such as Industrial Light & Magic's (ILM) Go-Motion—an updated photorealistic “improvement” of stop motion; the emergence of rival effects companies; and the increase in competition for feature work.

Keywords:   1980s special effects, Hollywood blockbusters, special effects films, technology-heavy filmmaking, composite mise-en-scène, Go-Motion

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