Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's TreeThe Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

J. Archibald

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231164122

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 16 May 2022

The Gilded Age of Evolutionary Trees

The Gilded Age of Evolutionary Trees

(p.113) Chapter Five The Gilded Age of Evolutionary Trees
Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree

J. David Archibald

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines how tree-like representations took on new meanings as an understanding of genetics and the importance of population-based studies emerged. Before Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species was published in 1859, evolutionary trees of life were a novelty. After Darwin, they became a necessity, thanks to the foundations that he laid for “descent with modification by means of natural selection.” With the turn of the twentieth century, American scientists began to engage in the production and dissemination of phylogenetic trees. The science of paleontology began ascending in stature in the United States, especially in East Coast institutions. This chapter looks at some of the scientists who produced a variety of evolutionary trees guided by Darwin's precepts, particularly Ernst Haeckel. It also considers the trees produced by Max Fürbinger and the decline in audience interest in visual representations of trees.

Keywords:   genetics, Charles Darwin, evolutionary trees, phylogenetic trees, paleontology, scientists, Ernst Haeckel, Max Fürbinger, visual representations, evolution

Columbia Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .