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Counterinsurgency in CrisisBritain and the Challenges of Modern Warfare$
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David Ucko and Robert Egnell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231164276

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231164276.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

The British in Basra

The British in Basra

With Heads Held High into the Abyss

(p.45) 2 The British in Basra
Counterinsurgency in Crisis

David H. Ucko

Robert Egnell

Columbia University Press

This chapter analyzes the Basra operations of the British armed forces in Iraq. Former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair involved his country's armed forces in the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in Basra, Iraq. The British armed forces, along with the U.S. forces, assumed transitional control over Basra Province and three other southernmost provinces. Upon the ousting of Hussein, these forces formed the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA), which became Basra's executive, legislative, and judicial authority. The CPA reflects the anticipation of British planners for a new era upon Iraq's liberation. However, much to the surprise of British planners and the armed forces, Basra was gradually taken over by sectarian militias, criminal networks, and other predatory actors. The chapter then details the successive setbacks experienced by the British counterinsurgency operation.

Keywords:   Basra operations, British armed forces, Iraq, Tony Blair, Saddam Hussein, U.S. forces, Coalition Provisional Authority, counterinsurgency operation

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