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The Company and the ShogunThe Dutch Encounter with Tokugawa Japan$
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Adam Clulow

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231164283

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231164283.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Power and Petition

Power and Petition

(p.171) Chapter Five Power and Petition
The Company and the Shogun

Adam Clulow

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines a later period of Tokugawa foreign policy, which had been defined by a series of maritime restrictions, the so-called closed country or sakoku edicts. These edicts seemed to mark a determined withdrawal from the sea, yet the Tokugawa regime continued to exert extensive influence over the ocean. To highlight this ongoing influence, this chapter shifts the focus away from the shogun's court in Edo, to consider the rise of Nagasaki as its own space for petition, investigation, and arbitration. The key protagonists of this story are Chinese or tōjin (literally, people of Tang) merchants, a diverse community of traders that was concentrated in Nagasaki after 1635. With no access to Edo, they turned to the Nagasaki bugyō, who became an active participant in maritime disputes involving the Dutch, even as they often frustrated the latter's attempts at asserting their influence on the sea routes leading to Japan.

Keywords:   sakoku edicts, Tokugawa regime, Nagasaki, Chinese merchants, tōjin, sea routes, petition, arbitration

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