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The Company and the ShogunThe Dutch Encounter with Tokugawa Japan$
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Adam Clulow

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231164283

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231164283.001.0001

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The Dutch Experience in Japan

(p.255) Conclusion
The Company and the Shogun

Adam Clulow

Columbia University Press

This concluding chapter further maps the activities of the Dutch East India Company in Asia, their losses and successes, as they attempted to navigate and negotiate with Asian power structures. Overall, the Dutch experience in Japan shows that European footholds in Asia did not invariably morph from isolated trading posts into fortified bases before finally becoming full colonies. Rather, the presence of formidable Asian states meant that even the most forceful of European organizations could be confined to enclaves from which they never escaped. Therefore, it behooves historians to better chart the integration of Europeans into Asian orders, as the old colonial narratives of European powers besting Asian states are only one aspect of the complex web of interactions taking place between the East and the West during the early modern period.

Keywords:   Dutch East India Company, Asia, European organizations, Japan, integration, European powers, early modern period

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