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Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences – From Heresy to Truth - Columbia Scholarship Online
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Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

James Powell


Over the course of the twentieth century, scientists came to accept four counterintuitive yet fundamental facts about the Earth: deep time, continental drift, meteorite impact, and global warming. When first suggested, each proposition violated scientific orthodoxy and was quickly denounced as scientific—and sometimes religious—heresy. Nevertheless, after decades of rejection, scientists came to accept each theory. The stories behind these four discoveries reflect more than the fascinating push and pull of scientific work. They reveal the provocative nature of science and how it raises profoun ... More

Keywords: deep time, continental drift, meteorite impact, global warming, solar system, climate, civilization, science, continents, Earth

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780231164481
Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015 DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

James Powell, author