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The Custom-Made BrainCerebral Plasticity, Regeneration, and Enhancement$
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Pierre-Marie Lledo and Jean-Didier Vincent

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231164504

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231164504.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

The Masterpiece

The Masterpiece

(p.43) 3 The Masterpiece
The Custom-Made Brain

Jean-Didier Vincent

Laurence Garey

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses the two divisions of the nervous system. Specifically, it examines the different features of the brain. The nervous system is composed of sections: the peripheral and the central. The peripheral nervous system deals with the relations of the organism to its external environment. It transmits information from various sensory receptors to the brain. It also intervenes in the regulation of major vital functions, maintaining the equilibrium of our internal environment by coordinating such essential activities as digestion, the circulation of the blood, respiration, and the secretion of hormones. In conjunction with the peripheral, the central nervous system integrates the information it receives and coordinates the activity of all parts of the bodies through the brain. The brain consists of two distinct regions—the cerebral cortex, which provides epigenetic regulation, and the subcortical regions, which enables an individual to adapt to its environment.

Keywords:   nervous system, peripheral nervous system, central nervous system, cerebral cortex, subcortical regions

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