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The Custom-Made BrainCerebral Plasticity, Regeneration, and Enhancement$
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Pierre-Marie Lledo and Jean-Didier Vincent

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231164504

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231164504.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

The Brain under Repair

The Brain under Repair

(p.83) 5 The Brain under Repair
The Custom-Made Brain

Jean-Didier Vincent

Laurence Garey

Columbia University Press

This chapter highlights some peculiar cases of neurological abnormality, in order to demonstrate the capacity of the brain to adapt to certain functions despite being structurally incomplete or wounded. Harvey Levin of the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston had studied an adolescent who had immense difficulties in calculation, but had no visuospatial difficulties in spite of a right parietal lesion acquired during childhood. Clinical examination revealed that the left parietal lobe had replaced the right, interfering with its primary function of calculation. Another case of peculiar brain adaptation was that of a 37-year-old woman, M. M., who had only half a functional brain since birth. In spite of this major handicap, she received normal schooling and obtained her high school diploma without difficulty. When neurologists examined her brain, they discovered that a prenatal lesion had removed the left part of her brain; however, the right hemisphere was able to replace the functions normally provided by the left.

Keywords:   Harvey Levin, parietal lobe, neurologists, right hemisphere, brain

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