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The Why of ThingsCausality in Science, Medicine, and Life$
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Peter Rabins

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231164726

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231164726.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

The Three-Facet Model

The Three-Facet Model

An Overview

(p.30) 2 The Three-Facet Model
The Why of Things

Peter V. Rabins

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes the three-facet model of causality. Facet 1 consists of three models of causes: the categorical model (absolute or binary), the probabilistic model (dimensional or continuous), and the emergent model (nonlinear). The categorical model identifies causes that directly bring about an event, the categorical model involves “yes/no” reasoning, and the probabilistic model is reflected in the phrase “more/less likely.” Facet 2 shows that causality can be examined at four levels of analysis: predisposing, precipitating, programmatic, and purposive. Facet 3 outlines three distinct logics that can be used to determine cause: empiric logic, empathic logic, and ecclesiastic logic. Three examples of the four levels of cause (predisposition, provocation, programmatic, and purposive) are given: the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, the 9/11 World Trade Center building collapse, and substance use disorder.

Keywords:   three-facet model, causality, cause, categorical model, probabilistic model, emergent model, empiric logic, empathic logic, ecclesiastic logic, substance use disorder

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