This chapter focuses on the career of Béla Tarr. Tarr was born in Pécs, in southern Hungary, in 1955. For his fourteenth birthday he received an 8mm camera from his father which started his journey into filmmaking. At the age of twenty-two, he released his first full-length feature film, Family Nest (Családi tűzfészek, 1977), which also won the Grand Prize at the 1979 Mannheim International Film Festival. In 1980, Tarr was among the founders of a newly formed studio called Társulás Studiá. Officially the studio's mission was to create and promote the semi-documentary, semi-fictional style the founders of the studio initiated five years earlier. However, filmmakers with clearly avant-garde ambitions could also come and make films in the studio. By the early years of 2000 Tarr was already well-known for his international successes and was recognized as a somewhat eccentric but important figure of Hungarian cinema. In 2010 he was elected president of the Hungarian Filmmakers Association.
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