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The Greening of AsiaThe Business Case for Solving Asia’s Environmental Emergency$
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Mark Clifford

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231166089

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231166089.001.0001

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Cities in a Garden

Cities in a Garden

(p.69) 3 Cities in a Garden
The Greening of Asia

Mark L. Clifford

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses Singapore’s commitment to environmental sustainability. Following its independence in 1965, founding Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew set out to mold the country into a clean, orderly, and environmentally friendly city as part of a broader campaign to instill civic order. Today, the country is considered as one of the world’s greenest cities. Singapore increased its greenery cover from 36 percent in 1986 to 46 percent in 2007. Indeed, two of Singapore’s unique attractions are the Botanic Garden and the newly built Gardens by the Bay, a multimillion dollar indoor complex opened on reclaimed land near the city center—one of the most innovative botanical gardens anywhere. Also, the government mandated green building standards, and the country’s electronic road-pricing system—part of a series of policies to limit cars that also includes competitive auctions for the right to own a car—was one of the world’s earliest and most successful.

Keywords:   Singapore, environmental sustainability, Lee Kuan Yew, world’s greenest cities, Botanic Garden, Gardens by the Bay, green building, electronic road-pricing

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