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Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and MetaphysicsAn Analysis and Annotated Translation$
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Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231166164

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.001.0001

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Fifth Class (P. 57)

Fifth Class (P. 57)

Creation Ex Nihilo and Immediate Creation

Chapter:
(p.132) Fifth Class (P. 57)
Source:
Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics
Author(s):

Shams Inati

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0008

In this Class, Ibn Sina explores creation ex nihilo and immediate creation. He first refutes the view he attributes to the “commoners,” by which he means the theologians, that once a thing comes into existence its need for the cause of its existence ceases. He then turns to time, whose existence he asserts as evidenced by the priority and posteriority that belong to the existence of a thing. He also takes up the topic of possible things, various views regarding the issues of necessity and possibility, and eternity and generation. Ibn Sina demonstrates that the truly one, inasmuch as it is one, cannot necessitate except the existence of one thing. This is because if the One were to produce two things it would include a duality of causation or aspects. But that is impossible for that which is truly one.

Keywords:   creation ex nihilo, immediate creation, existence, time, priority, posteriority, possible things, necessity, possibility, eternity

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