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Head CasesJulia Kristeva on Philosophy and Art in Depressed Times$
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Elaine Miller

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231166829

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231166829.001.0001

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The “Orestes Complex”

The “Orestes Complex”

Thinking Hatred, Forgiveness, Greek Tragedy, and the Cinema of the “Thought Specular” with Hegel, Freud, and Klein

(p.153) 5 The “Orestes Complex”
Head Cases

Elaine P. Miller

Columbia University Press

This chapter considers the notion of pardon, which permeates Julia Kristeva's latest publications, Hatred and Forgiveness and This Incredible Need to Believe. Although usually translated as “forgiveness,” Kristeva makes explicit its etymology in French, pardoner, by hyphenating the verb: “par-don.” As such, pardoning means “completely giving” or “a thorough giving.” Following St. Augustine and Hannah Arendt's opinion of the topic, Kristeva considers “pardon” to be a second birth that gives rise to a new temporality and a new self. In particular her concept of forgiveness called “aesthetic pardon,” emerges from her dual commitment to Sigmund Freud and to Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel but is given its specific character through her reading of Melanie Klein.

Keywords:   Julia Kristeva, St. Augustine, Hannah Arendt, aesthetic pardon, Melanie Klein, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Sigmund Freud

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