This chapter presents the English translation of Section 2 of Fukuzawa Yukichi’s text Gakumon no susume (An Encouragement of Learning). Here Fukuzawa further develops the notion introduced in Section 1, that all men are equal, and that they can live in freedom and independence without hereditary status distinctions. He says that “the birth of man is the work of nature and not the power of man. People should love and respect one another, and each person should fulfill his own duty without infringing upon others.” He further says that “human rights are the great moral obligations that give dignity to an individual human life, protect a man’s fortune and possessions, and dignify his honor and reputation”.
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