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An Encouragement of Learning$
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Yukichi Fukuzawa

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231167147

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.001.0001

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(p.73) Section Ten
An Encouragement of Learning

Fukuzawa Yukichi

, David A. Dilworth

Nishikawa Shunsaku

Columbia University Press

This chapter presents the English translation of Section 10 of Fukuzawa Yukichi’s text Gakumon no susume (An Encouragement of Learning). In this section Fukuzawa says that aside from seeking the great principles of freedom and independence and reviving the rights of self-autonomy, scholars must help their countrymen secure the free and independent status of Japan as a world nation. But, he argues, given that the country has just begun to emerge from several hundred years of national seclusion, they have no recourse but to wait for their achievements to reach a point where they can meet Japan’s needs. In the meantime, he states, the foreigners employed within Japan must retain their posts as substitutes until its own scholars are mature. Foreign goods, he further adds, must also be temporarily imported in exchange for cash until Japan’s own industries are sufficiently developed.

Keywords:   freedom, independence, self-autonomy, Japanese scholars

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