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An Encouragement of Learning$
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Yukichi Fukuzawa

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231167147

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Eleven

Eleven

Chapter:
(p.79) Section Eleven
Source:
An Encouragement of Learning
Author(s):

Fukuzawa Yukichi

, David A. Dilworth

Nishikawa Shunsaku

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.003.0011

This chapter presents the English translation of Section 11 of Fukuzawa Yukichi’s text Gakumon no susume (An Encouragement of Learning). Fukuzawa argues here that the theory of moral subordination of inferiors to superiors is only appropriate for the parent–child relation. Since parents love their children even more than themselves, the instructions and discipline, encouragements and scoldings which they give their children spring from loving affection. It is impossible for the same relation to prevail between adult strangers. Yet, however difficult it might be, attempts have been made to extend the theory of moral subordination to all human relations. This is the reason why tyranny has subsequently been practiced.

Keywords:   moral subordination, subservience, parent-child relations, moral subservience, tyranny

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