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An Encouragement of Learning$
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Yukichi Fukuzawa

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231167147

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.001.0001

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Twelve

Twelve

Chapter:
(p.86) (p.87) Section Twelve
Source:
An Encouragement of Learning
Author(s):

Fukuzawa Yukichi

, David A. Dilworth

Nishikawa Shunsaku

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.003.0012

This chapter presents the English translation of Section 12 of Fukuzawa Yukichi’s text Gakumon no susume (An Encouragement of Learning). Here Fukuzawa extols the virtues of public speaking. He says that the essence of learning lies in the activity of one’s mind, not in the mere reading of books. Observation, reasoning, and reading are the means through which knowledge is gathered; conversation the means of its exchange; reading and public speaking the means of the diffusion of learning. Some of these a person can do by himself, but conversation and public speaking require a larger community. From this we can see how important public speaking is. Fukuzawa also explains how a person’s views can be elevated to influence his conduct.

Keywords:   public speaking, learning, observation, reasoning, reading, conduct

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