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An Encouragement of Learning$
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Yukichi Fukuzawa

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231167147

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Fifteen

Fifteen

Chapter:
(p.109) Section Fifteen
Source:
An Encouragement of Learning
Author(s):

Fukuzawa Yukichi

, David A. Dilworth

Nishikawa Shunsaku

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.003.0015

This chapter presents the English translation of Section 15 of Fukuzawa Yukichi’s text Gakumon no susume (An Encouragement of Learning). Here Fukuzawa explains how there is much that is false in the realm of belief, and much that is true in the realm of doubt. He says that the progress of civilization lies in seeking the true facts both in the physical and the spiritual affairs of mankind. The reason for the West’s present high level of civilization is that in every instance they proceeded from some irritation of doubt. Galileo, for instance, discovered that the earth is a planet by doubting the old theories of astronomy while Galvani discovered electricity in animals when he doubted the causes of convulsions in frogs’ legs.

Keywords:   belief, doubt, Western civilization, Galileo

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