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An Encouragement of Learning

Yukichi Fukuzawa


The intellectual and social theorist Yukichi Fukuzawa wrote An Encouragement of Learning (1872–1876) as a series of pamphlets while completing his critical masterpiece, An Outline of a Theory of Civilization (1875). These closely linked texts illustrate the core tenets of his philosophical outlook: freedom and equality as inherent to human nature, independence as the goal of any individual and nation, and the transformation of the Japanese mind as key to advancing in a rapidly evolving political and cultural world. In these essays, Fukuzawa advocated for the adoption of Western modes of educat ... More

Keywords: Yukichi Fukuzawa, freedom, equality, independence, Japan, Japanese history

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780231167147
Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015 DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Yukichi Fukuzawa, author